Turkey has long been a popular holiday destination for those seeking sun, good food, and interesting culture.
As a result, it’s unsurprising that it offers all this and more for those wanting to relocate permanently.
While some of its larger cities have taken on a more modern, metropolitan vibe, there are plenty of places that retain their classic Turkish charm.
Turkey offers an attractive prospect for expats because of its low cost of living and cultural variety. If this sounds ideal, here are the best places to live in Turkey.
Best Places To Live In Turkey
1. Istanbul – the professional expat’s choice
For those seeking employment, particularly in the business world, Istanbul is definitely one of the best places to live in Turkey. It’s the country’s historic, economic, and cultural sector, which is why it’s so good for business.
Istanbul would also be a good choice for digital nomads because you’ll likely find the best internet services here.
The cost of living is higher here than elsewhere in Turkey for obvious reasons, but you can get around this by looking in the suburbs and commuting to work.
It has everything you could need from a metropolitan space of this kind: vibrant nightlife, plenty of shopping, excellent local and international schools, and, of course, attractions like the Hagia Sofia, Blue Mosque, and more.
The weather is good in Istanbul, and doesn’t get too hot in the summer (it usually peaks around 24 C). It does get cold in the winter, though, and it’s not uncommon to see snow.
If business isn’t your bag, it won’t be difficult to find work teaching English or in a similar profession. Plus, if you don’t have much in the way of Turkish language proficiency, living in Istanbul will be a good choice because a lot of people speak English.
2. Antalya – tourism-related business opportunities and retirement
Antalya is a well-known tourist destination and would be ideal for anyone thinking of setting up a business like a restaurant or a hotel. Of course, this will mean the work is seasonal, but it offers good opportunities nonetheless.
Antalya and other cities seaside cities of the region attract many expats wishing to enjoy all the splendour of living on the Turquoise coast of Turkey.
The city itself is clean and safe and sees weekly food markets, which help keep the cost of living down. If you’re considering working, the city will be a better choice due to its superior internet speeds and public transport network.
The Antalya coastline would be a great choice for retirees. It offers plenty for lifestyle seekers, such as natural beauty spots, fishing villages, and great countryside walks. As you’d expect, all of this is supported by amazing restaurants and some good shopping opportunities.
In fact, if you’re into outdoor activities, you can attempt to tackle the Antalya to Fatty route, which is one of the world’s longest single trails. At 320 miles, it might take you a few hits to do the whole thing.
Within the Antalya province, you’ll find two of Turkey’s best beaches: Konyaalti and Lara. There are also plenty of hidden gems that don’t generate as much interest from tourists.
As it’s located on the Mediterranean coast, you’ll benefit from a warmer climate and far less drastic temperature spikes. It often peaks around 28 C in the summer while it rarely drops below 10 C in the winter.
Living in the city or its outskirts will cost more than living elsewhere in the Antalya district, but a family could still live comfortably in the city for less than you’d expect. The coastal region is one of the most popular areas in Turkey for house sales to foreign retirees, and it’s easy to see why.
You can find more information on expat life in Antalya including the cost of living and good areas, in our guide What’s It Like Living In Antalya As An Expat
3. Bodrum – high-class living
Bodrum quickly boomed into something of a high-class city thanks to its association in the 1960s with foreign artists and writers.
Nowadays it’s become a popular tourist destination, particularly with celebrities. In the past, the likes of Kate Moss, Bill Gates, Nicole Kidman and Tom Hanks have all been spotted here.
There are plenty of more rustic destinations ideal for retirement within the larger district, such as Gumusluk, Turkbuku, and Gumbet. The last is particularly suitable for those interested in water sports.
The city itself is arguably “ritzier” than the surrounding areas but it’s also more popular with tourists. There are plenty of mega-hotels along the coast, but you’ll eventually find some amazing bargains on houses and villas if you look hard enough.
The Gumusluk International Classical Music Festival held in Bodrum annually is worth a separate mention. It attracts plenty of talented musicians from all over the world as well as classical music lovers. The festival takes place in the magnificent 2500-year-old Antique Koyunbaba Stone Quarry
Bodrum is located on the Aegean and its temperatures reach some pretty staggering highs. Its average summer temperature is 34 C but it’s been known to reach 45 C! Winters bottom out at a mild 15 C, so it’s a good choice if you don’t like the cold.
The city will be a good choice if you’re looking to work or raise a family because you’ll be close to the necessary amenities. But if you’re looking for somewhere a bit more rural for your retirement, there are plenty of options in the larger district.
4. Bursa – the city of heritage
Many westerners prefer the west side of Turkey because it’s considered more cosmopolitan. But if you want a taste of the real Turkey, somewhere like Burse is perfect.
In the 14th century, it was the second capital of the Ottoman Empire, and it hasn’t lost its connection with this heritage. The entire city is a UNESCO World Heritage Site due to its concentration of Ottoman architecture. There are plenty of mausoleums, palaces, and mansions worth checking out.
But, considering it’s a city, it also has plenty of green spaces. It’s known locally as Green Bursa because of the local government’s push to preserve natural spaces, including parks and forests. This makes it a good family destination because it doesn’t feel too urban.
One surprising bonus you’ll find here that’s arguably a rarity in Turkey is skiing. The city’s skyline is dominated by Uludag Mountain, which houses a ski resort. So, if you fancy living in Turkey but don’t want to give up your winter sports, this might be the place for you.
The housing market is particularly favourable for younger expats and those with families because the city was quite late in developing it. This means house prices are still incredibly low and are ideal for first-time buyers.
The weather in Bursa typically peaks around 31 C in summer and drops to around 10 C in winter. A major benefit of having a mountain so close is that you can easily go for a short drive to a comfortable altitude if the weather gets too hot.
While it might not be your employment area of choice, Bursa is Turkey’s main hub for automotive production. It’s home to factories for Kia and Renault, along with factories for companies like Bosch and Coca-Cola. In short, it’s always got plenty of employment opportunities.
One potential drawback is that Bursa isn’t home to any specific international schools. It’s far more in touch with its traditional heritage than places further west and pretty much every school teaches in Turkish.
However, if you already have some Turkish under your belt and are willing to learn, Bursa offers a completely different taste of national culture than what you might be used to.
5. Izmir – perfect for retirement
If retirement is the purpose of your relocation to Turkey, you won’t do much better than Izmir. It’s one of the largest cities in Turkey and has all the amenities you’d expect to come with such a title.
Importantly, it’s got great national and international transport links and is a popular cruise port. The city itself features plenty of pedestrian routes if you don’t feel like taking the bus anywhere.
Along with the city is the Izmir metropolitan area. This includes plenty of smaller towns that might be more suited to a retirement lifestyle. Luckily, they’re still well connected to the city itself.
Izmir is located on the Aegean Sea and so comes with all the benefits you’d expect. These include plenty of watersports, sailing opportunities, and a good climate.
In the summer, it typically reaches 33 C at its height and drops to around 13 C in the winter. It can get a bit rainy in the colder months but this makes a welcome change from the drier summer months.
If you fancy coastal living away from the city, popular expat destinations include Cesme, Kusadasi and Foca, or somewhere like Alacati (Turkey’s surfing capital) is a good choice if you want to be active.
Providing you’re happy to do some searching, you’ll come across some attractive property prices, too. And, as Izmir is often labelled as one of the most westernised areas of Turkey, communicating with estate agents will be much easier than elsewhere.
6. Alanya – fast-growing hotspot
Alanya is a city and province located on the south coast of Turkey in the Mediterranean. It’s roughly 133km from Antalya and is one of the fastest-growing expat destinations.
Although a city, Alanya is a fairly small one. Importantly, this means it has plenty of rural-feeling suburbs that offer some very attractive property prices. Places like Mahmutlar are even some of the lowest in Turkey.
It’s a good choice for those seeking an active lifestyle because it’s got plenty of walking spots and, of course, plenty of watersports. There are also numerous annual festivals, including a jazz festival and an international culture festival.
A surprisingly large portion of the province’s population consists of expats from various countries, many of whom move there in retirement. As of the most recent census, more than 17,000 expats own property in the city.
Many are likely drawn to Alanya by its combination of rural areas, good amenities, low property prices and good international connections. In short, Alanya has almost everything you could need from a Turkish retirement destination.
7. Marmaris – a sea lover’s dream
Marmaris is located in southwest Turkey on the Turkish Riviera. As you’d expect from such a title, it comes with a certain sense of exclusivity and lifestyle that can only be found in other Rivieras.
The city is a national hub for sailing and diving and is a popular choice as a wintering location for boaters. It has numerous beaches and small marinas, ideal for keeping a boat in.
But if you fancy more land-based activities, Marmaris has you covered for those, too. There are options for bike riding, safari tours, climbing, canoeing, and much more to keep you active.
The area has a great natural history, too. One particular highlight is Nimara Cave on Heaven Island, which is just off the coast of Marmaris. It was a site of religious worship for thousands of years and is definitely worth a visit.
Marmaris also has lots of historical landmarks, making it perfect for history lovers. It was a key site for the Ottoman Empire and plenty of its buildings (such as Marmaris Castle) reflect this.
Of course, the weather is important, and you won’t be disappointed here. Summers can hit the mid-30s and winters usually drop to around 15 C. Winter is the rainy season, but it’s a welcome break from the hot summer.
Marmaris is a tourist hotspot and can see up to 400,000 visitors each year. This may or may not be a good thing depending on your perspective, but it does mean there are opportunities for setting up tourism-related businesses if you wish.
The best places to live in Turkey – summary
Even in the more westernised parts of Turkey, you can expect quite a shift in culture. All but the most tourism-heavy areas retain their language and lifestyle, and it’s important to do plenty of research to ensure it’ll be a good fit for you.
But no matter whether you’re looking at Turkey for retirement or work, there are plenty of ideal places to choose from.
One ideal way to find the right answers to your questions is to contact expats in the country. Turkey is a surprisingly friendly place, and this is true for both locals and expats.
So, locate some expat communities, travel around the country for a while, and maybe consider renting a place or two to get a proper feel for the area.
This isn’t necessarily a decision to take lightly, considering you’re looking for a permanent destination. But, with the right preparation, you’ll surely have an amazing new life in Turkey.
You might find useful:
- Living In Turkey – The Expats’ Guide
- Health Insurance For Expats In Turkey
- How To Buy Property In Turkey – Foreign Buyers’ Guide
- Didn’t find what you were looking for or need further advice? Comment with your question below, and we will do our best to help.
Helpful external links:
- Compare the cost of living in various Turkish cities – Numbeo.
Friday 27th of January 2023
Hi we live in the UK and my mum is already retired but we (my mum and I with my 8 year old daughter are wanting to move to Turkey). I have read in several places that Pension Incomes are not taxable is this true? Also is the process difficult to get to Turkey to stay. I’m going to try and get a work permit. I know the short term residence expires after 1 or 2 years with possibility of renewal. If anyone can tell me of their experiences with retirement and pension tax also, finding work so I can support my 8 year old daughter would be much appreciated. Many Thanks 😊
Ola Degteva (Research Director)
Tuesday 31st of January 2023
Hi Jo, thank you for the comment. It's true, pensions aren't taxed in Turkey. However, finding work is difficult for foreigners unless you set up your own business. Another option might be if you have teaching qualifications and can find a job in an international school. Schooling can be another issue. State education in Turkey is free for all residents, but it has its issues and it's in Turkish. You will have to research either international or local private schools. As always, if you have any further questions, feel free to ask. I'm more than happy to help. All the best!
Tuesday 21st of June 2022
Great article. Could you please add things about schools for expats, other than İstanbul? I find it difficult to understand and frind international elementary schools. Their private schools are mostly in turkish and requires expats kids to be tested in Turkish language.
Saturday 29th of October 2022
yes, you are right! I have asked almost all elementary schools on the souht side of Turkey and there is no English elementary schools! Tukrkish language 90%
Ola Degteva (Editor)
Wednesday 22nd of June 2022
Here's a list of IB schools in Turkey: https://www.internationalschoolsearch.com/international-schools-in-turkey Hope this helps
Tuesday 17th of May 2022
I am 76 years of age and contemplating retiring in Antalya or Alanya. Being on my own,what would be the consequences if ,god forbid,I come down with Dementia or another illness making me incapable of looking after myself in the future.Who or where would I get help to see me through my last days on this earth? Is there a governmental mechanism ensuring that help is provided to such a situation? I am assuming and hypothetically that I will have no one around me to look after me. I find this scenario a bit frightening and holding me back from making a final decision. Your advice and thoughts will be greatly appreciated.
Tuesday 15th of November 2022
Dear Alex.. this is such an important question since I am thinking the same. I lived my whole childhood in Turkey ( till age 19) ..now in Canada 35 years and dream about going back to spend my last years there with my partner ( who is Cuban and obsessed with Turkey) when my parents who I am looking after ( one with dementia) have crossed to the other side. I do believe that once you are there slowly but surely you could start connecting with someone ( or a care team) trustworthy for "live in" help which would be a fraction of the cost of live ins in the West . I still believe inherently in the profound kindness and honor system of Turkish people. I still have a healthy network of relatives and childhood friends so my thoughts were that at least I would not be taken down the garden path when it comes to buying or if it comes to a point where I need a caretaker . I may be in lala land and just dreaming so advice from the experts is the most valuable. My advice is based on memories of people who were so nurturing and beloved to us as a family growing up there . They were also part of our family . You also may never end up suffering from dementia ( and God knows perhaps a cure will be on the horizon) but age related help will always be welcome and you will be giving someone a job.
Ola Degteva (Editor)
Wednesday 18th of May 2022
Hi Alex, Your concern is understandable. Unfortunately, there aren't many assisted living accommodations for foreign retirees around Antalya or Alanya and if you are worried about your health in later years, this might be a decisive factor. The only suitable facility aimed at expats that we know of is Cetin Life Club in Istanbul where expats live either in independent communities or a Nursing Home. You can find the reference to it in our Istanbul guide.
Wednesday 6th of April 2022
Hi, I’m an American from Los Angeles 45 years old and moved to Iran a year ago. Awesome place for a year of staying but not a very free country; way too many restrictions. I recently visited Istanbul and antalya and fell in love. I want to work remotely with a U.S. company and the internet is faster here than in iran and no VPN is needed.
I’m so curious about Bodrum. I heard there was a bad fire there. Is it back up and running? And I don’t know how to decide between the other cities like Izmir. I like the salsa/bachata community in Istanbul but it’s a bit too hectic for me (congested, traffic, etc.)
Ola Degteva (Editor)
Friday 8th of April 2022
Hi Shahram, we will be publishing our Bodrum Guide soon, will let you know when it's out, it might help you to decide.
Thursday 23rd of December 2021
Is Alanya a safe location for a retirement. I’m Canadian and looking for an area with some expats but not too many. My budget for rent and food/entertainment etc would be around 20,000 TL per month. Thank you.
Ola Degteva (Editor)
Thursday 23rd of December 2021
Alanya is quite safe and popular with expats. It's also affordable and as such is attracting quite a lot of expats, about 9% of the Alanya's population are foreigers. With your budget, you should be able to enjoy quite a comfortable life there.