Living In Italy: Expat Guide (2023)

The expat guide to moving and living in Italy. Pros and cons, residency and property matters, cost of living, and the most popular places to live.

Expats looking for a relaxed lifestyle could do a lot worse than living in Italy.

As you can imagine, the country offers amazing food and wine, a great climate, and rich history and culture. Of course, it’s impossible to overlook the romantic nature of some of Italy’s best-known cities.

Italy is also a popular retirement destination for expats from all over the world, and for good reason. Its climate, its colours, cultural riches and the very essence of Mediterranean living are the prime reasons so many expats have already packed their bags and moved to the country.

The pros and cons of living in Italy

Moving from colder countries to anywhere in southern Europe can seem like an amazing idea. But is Italy really all it’s cracked up to be?

It’s fair to say that Italy has plenty to offer expats wanting a life of sunshine and good food. However, it’s worth weighing up both the pros and the cons to see if the lifestyle is suitable for your needs.

The positives: 5 reasons why Italy is such a good place to live

1. It’s a food lovers delight

If you’ve already been to Italy you’ll know this to be true. If you haven’t, this probably isn’t that much of a surprise. The country has a worldwide reputation for amazing food; it’s deeply ingrained into local and national culture and customs.

You may well be a fan of Italian food, but the quality you’ll find in the country itself is next level. Ingredients are incredibly high quality and are locally sourced wherever possible. Cooking is a very well respected occupation, which is reflected in the food.

2. Healthcare is very high quality

Italy has a regional-based nationalised healthcare service known as the Servizio Sanitario Nazionale. It’s very high quality and is often ranked in the top 10 healthcare services in the world.

Of course, you need to be a resident before you can access it, but private healthcare isn’t expensive either.

 3. Even small towns have great nightlife

It’s no secret that Italy produces some great alcohol and even greater cocktails. But it would be a bit obvious to make this a pro on its own. Luckily, Italy boasts amazing nightlife pretty much everywhere.

Whether it’s dining out, visiting a bar, going to a concert, or simply going for a walk, Italian nightlife doesn’t disappoint.

4. Property is affordable and accessible

You don’t even need to be an Italian resident to buy property in Italy. You’ll be able to continue using it as a holiday home and then move there permanently once you obtain residency. What’s more, there are places where property is pretty affordable, especially in the south.

5. Italy is known for its community spirit

Family and community are both important concepts in Italy. Providing you’re willing to put in some effort, it won’t be difficult to integrate into even a small, tight-knit community. Of course, in more rural areas you’ll definitely need to have a good grasp of the language.

The not-so-positives of living in Italy:

1. You’ll need to know the language

This isn’t really a negative, but it can be a barrier.

Italian isn’t widely taught in the world, meaning fewer people have any kind of prior experience with it. Luckily, thanks to the large proportion of English words that have Latin roots, learning Italian isn’t too difficult.

English is more widely spoken in larger cities, but rural areas rely pretty much entirely on Italian. German is spoken in some northern areas, so bear this in mind if you already speak it.

2. Rental leases are very long-term

Renting in different places around a country is a good way of getting a feel for the best areas. This isn’t as easy in Italy because rental leases last a long time.

A short-term lease will usually last for around 18 months, and long-term leases last a minimum of three years, if not more. Being stuck in one area can make property hunting a challenge.

3. Cities can be busy (and a bit dirty)

Bigger Italian cities are prime tourist territories and can get very busy in peak season. Also, graffiti is common, as is grime from pollution and lack of cleaning. However, rural areas and smaller towns generally don’t suffer from these problems in the same way.

Residency in Italy for non-EU citizens

Like most countries, Italy has several different kinds of long-stay visas. As mentioned, you need to apply for one of these if you plan on staying in the country for more than 90 days at a time.

The elective residency visa – also known as the retirement visa – is perhaps the most relevant for self-sufficient people. To be eligible for this kind of visa, you must elect to not work in Italy and have sufficient finances to support yourself.

The requirements include:

  • A minimum of €31,000 a year for a single person or €38,000 a year for a married couple. This amount increases by 20% for every dependent.
  • Proof of address, which can either be an owned or leased property.
  • Proof of health insurance, which must cover €30,000 and all medical expenses. Once a resident, you can use public healthcare.
  • Valid passport.
  • Civil status documents (marriage and birth certificates).
  • Proof of a clean criminal record from your home country.

You have to apply for an Italian retirement visa in your home country at the Italian consulate before you move to Italy. Once in Italy, you can then apply for a temporary residence permit after eight days.

If your plan is to take “halfway retirement”, such as opening a B&B or similar, you’ll need to apply for an Italian working visa – specifically a self-employed visa.

The application process is fairly similar, but you need something called a Nulla Osta, which is authorisation to perform self-employed work in the country.

Regardless of which visa you acquire, once you’re a permanent resident in Italy you need a digital biometric ID. You can apply for one at your local police station, and it’s a legal requirement to do so.

There are various fees involved in the Italian residency process, along with quite a bit of paperwork.

However, there are various Italian relocation services designed to make the process much easier for expats. They assist with paperwork, applications, translations, and much more. While an extra cost, it certainly justifies itself due to how much stress it’ll save.

Alternative ways to residency in Italy

Although the visa application process isn’t particularly difficult, there are quicker and possibly easier ways into the country.

Italy offers an investment visa with amounts ranging from €500,000 to over €2 million. Investments can be in government bonds, businesses, or startups.

Italian investment visa

Unlike other European countries, Italy doesn’t have a Golden Visa programme. However, in 2017, it launched the investor visa, which covers similar grounds to other golden visa programs.

You have a couple of options for how you can invest your money:

  • Government bonds issued by the country
  • An Italian-operated and incorporated company
  • Startups based in Italy
  • A charitable donation in fields of culture, research, education, culture, or natural heritage

The minimum donation is €500,000, but the amount you invest depends on where you plan to invest the money. For example, you need to invest €2 million in government bonds, donate €1 million to charity, or invest €500,000 in a business or startup.

You also need to have evidence of an annual income of €100,000, but this can come from various sources, including other investments, stock, annuities, and so on.

If you make a substantial investment in Italian property, the annual income requirement drops to €35,000. While there isn’t an official figure for this “significant investment”, consider it to be somewhere around €500,000.

Unlike other visa programmes, you need to go directly through the Italian Ministry of Economic Development. You begin by submitting an application on their website, and, providing this is successful, you then have six months to apply for a visa at an Italian embassy.

Once in the country, you’ll need to visit a local police station to get the investor residency permit. This is valid for two years, and to renew it you need to maintain your investment (rather than making another).

An Italian investment visa is definitely one way of speeding up the application process. Importantly, too, it offers a much greater chance of successful application and eventually leads to permanent residency.

Non-EU driving licences in Italy

Once you become a resident in Italy, you’ll need to exchange your licence for an Italian one.

In many cases, non-EU citizens need to take an Italian driving test to obtain their licence. The process also requires you to obtain a new picture and have the licence registered to your Italian address.

If you take your car to Italy, you’ll need to get it registered with Italian plates within 60 days of becoming a resident. Not doing so will result in your car being impounded.

Bringing your pets to Italy

The requirement is to have an animal health certificate (AHC), and your pet needs:

  • A microchip
  • Valid rabies injection
  • Tapeworm treatment

Your AHC must be issued by a valid vet and is valid for 10 days between issue and entry into the EU.

Where to live in Italy

One of the best things about Italy is that it offers plenty of regional variations in lifestyle, climate, and scenery. Whether you fancy the Renaissance heritage of Florence or Venice, the bustle of Rome, or the island lifestyle of Sardinia or Capri, or the prestige of living in Milan, Italy has plenty to offer.

Here’s a roundup of some of the best choices for where to live in Italy.


Located on the north-western coast, Liguria is quite a tourism-centred region. There’s a good reason for this because it’s got an amazing coastline, boasts beautiful weather, and stunning scenery.

If you don’t fancy dealing with too many tourists, moving away from the coast will result in a much quieter life surrounded by Italian families.


Italian street market in Rome
Italian street markets like this market in Rome are always an event: bustling with colours, aromas and enticing produce.

As you can imagine, Rome is a prime location for the real Italian experience. There’s plenty of cultural heritage and some of the best restaurants in the country.

Tourism is a big deal here, and even in the off-season, it’s still a busy place. City living isn’t suitable for everyone, but if it appeals to you then you should definitely move to Rome.


Located in Tuscany, central Siena has been designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It’s full of museums, art galleries, restaurants, and historic buildings, making it a great choice for those wanting culture.

If you don’t want to live in the city itself, consider moving to a smaller town like Montepulciano, San Gimignano, Buonconvento, or Pienza. All are less than 50 kilometres from the city and provide you with an intimate experience of living in Tuscany.


Naples is the third-largest city in Italy, located on the south-western coast. Its food offerings stand out, even among Italian cities, and you have historic sites like Pompeii, Herculaneum, and Vesuvius in easy reach.

It has an international airport and plenty of smaller satellite towns if you don’t want an inner-city home.


Parma is a central city located in the north of Italy. Famous, of course, for its ham, the city also boasts a deep cultural heritage and good connections to nearby historic centres.

For example, Florence is roughly 2 hours away by car. Parma has a great climate, exciting nightlife, and plenty to do all year round.

How much money do you need to retire to Italy?

The Italian retirement visa requires you have an annual income of between €31,000 and €38,000. This works out as a minimum of €2,500 a month. Luckily this figure doesn’t just cover pension income, it includes other financial sources, such as investments and annuities.

It’s worth noting that you’ll be able to do quite a lot with this kind of income in Italy.

Italian flat tax for expat retirees

Italy offers a great tax discount for expat retirees: if you retire to Italy, you will pay seven percent tax on your pension income for the first 9 years of residency. 

However, after your nine-year tax-free residency expires, you are liable for income tax at Italian rates ranging from 23 percent on income up to €15,000 (£13,500) to 43 percent on income over €75,000.

Where is the cheapest place to retire in Italy?

Currently, the cheapest place to retire in Italy is either Palermo in Sicily or Bari on the Adriatic coast. The cost of living ranges from €900 to €975.

These towns have little interest for tourists, making them particularly quiet. That said, they still offer plenty of heritage and culture, but a more Italian, localised version.

Bari is a medieval town that, until recently, has flown under the international radar. Increasing numbers of cruise ships have been docking there in recent years, which has led to an overhaul in amenities.

However, property prices and cost of living are still considerably lower than elsewhere. You can easily pick up a nice apartment for €70,000 and an exquisite villa and trulli for less than €500,000.

That said, a renovation project will go for next to nothing if you’re willing to put in a bit of work.

The same is true for Palermo in Sicily. You can find a house in the city centre for as little as €40,000 or an out-of-town villa for €80,000.

Sicily is a beautiful island with a warm, Mediterranean climate. Realistically, many of its towns have low property prices, but Palermo has the benefit of being a bustling city with plenty of activities. Expats moving to Sicily love the island for its laid-back lifestyle, slow pace of life and unique authentic feel that no other place in Italy has.

Is living in Italy expensive?

You might find that the cost of living in Italy isn’t that lower than in your home country, especially f you are planning to move to the northern regions. However, property prices and rent are cheaper than in the UK, USA or Northern Europe. Overall, this definitely balances out in your favour.

Of course, the cost of living will vary massively depending on where you decide to settle down. For example, larger, busier cities like Rome and Milan will have a much higher cost of living. But this is true for pretty much everywhere in the world.

Rural areas will be much, much lower in terms of property prices and cost of living. You might find things like clothing are more expensive here, but the bigger financial picture is what’s important.

Property will be your most significant expense, particularly if you rent.

Usually, it’s a good idea to move around a country renting to get an idea of where to live, but as mentioned this can be a challenge in Italy. Instead, it’ll be worth trying to buy a property as soon as possible, ideally outright if you can afford it. Doing so will drastically reduce your monthly expenses.

For retirees, you will need to show a minimum of €2,500 a month to live in Italy. Remember, this is a visa requirement rather than a calculated figure.

However, this amount of money will definitely provide you with a high quality of life and plenty of money to enjoy the many restaurants, bars, and cultural experiences you’ll inevitably find yourself surrounded by.

Buying property in Italy

If you’re buying property in Italy, you can do so without first being a permanent resident. In fact, you’ll need proof of address for your residency application.

You can use this property as your holiday home until then, providing you follow the travel guidelines.

Buying property in Italy isn’t a particularly complicated process, although it’s obviously made more difficult by the potential language barrier. It’s best to find someone who can translate to help make things easier.

You’ll first need to find an estate agent, all of whom must be registered with their local chamber of commerce. If you can find one who speaks English, even better.

Also, you’ll need a notary, who closes the deal and seals the purchase contract. They also do all legal checks on the property.

In Itlay, the real estate agent works on behalf of both buyer and seller. They conduct price negotiations and provide the notary with documentation once the price has been agreed upon.

The notary requires various documents, but the only ones you’ll need to provide are your forms of ID; the seller gives everything else.

Once this has been organised and a survey completed, the notary draws up the preliminary agreement. This is a legally binding contract and requires you to pay a 10% deposit.

After this, the notary will write up the final deed, which must be signed in front of them. You then transfer funds to the seller, and the property is yours!

Banking and bank accounts in Italy

You can open a non-resident bank account in Italy, which you might need for purchasing property or accessing money abroad. Non-resident bank accounts only allow deposits in imported currency.

You can either do this at a branch of an Italian bank, or you can write a letter of authorisation allowing someone (such as your estate agent) to open an account on your behalf.

Once you live in Italy, you’ll be able to open a bank account very easily, even before becoming a full resident. You’ll need documentation, such as your passport, proof of address, and residence card (if already a resident).

Healthcare in Italy

Italy’s national healthcare service offers high-standard, regional services.

You only have access to it once you become a permanent resident, and you’ll need to register with a local doctor to obtain your health card and number.

If you’re not working or paying social security contributions, you might have to pay an annual voluntary fee for access.

Public health insurance in Italy

The SSN (servizio sanitario Nazionale – national health service) is Italy’s public health insurance. Almost everyone, even non-EU expats who move for work, is entitled to mandatory free registration. This will give you access to general doctors and specialists.

However, in some rare cases such as living in Italy with an elective residency permit, you will have to pay to enrol at the SSN.

The amount depends on your income, the lowest you can pay is around €400 per year. To apply for all of this you have to go to your nearest ASL (azienda sanitaria locale) which is basically a medical center. After registering you will get a Tessera Sanitaria (health card) which you will need when going to the doctor, undergoing medical exams and much more.

Private health insurance 

Just like any country, Italy has its fair share of private health insurance providers. Most of the locals, however, aren’t privately insured meaning that you will be waiting a lot less, this luxury does come at a price though.

Fees can cost quite a bit but it is impossible to give an exact quote because they do depend on the company, the package and many other personal factors. Signing up is also relatively easy, some companies even allow you to sign up online.

It’s currently part of the residency application process to obtain private health insurance. There are certain specifications for the type and level of cover, and sometimes it’s best to get it through an international insurance provider.

International health insurance can be quite expensive. To make sure you get the best value for money, compare international health insurance options from various providers to find the best deal. 

A private plan allows you to choose your doctors and services, and you’ll have access to private hospitals. These are higher quality facilities with far shorter waiting times.

Getting connected in Italy

Currently, three major companies dominate the mobile phone market in Italy: Wind Tre, Vodafone, and Telecom Italia.

It’s possible to get your mobile and internet services from the same company, which might be the easiest option when you first move there.

To register, you’ll need proof of ID (passport, for example) and proof of address. It’s easiest to register in person at a store, and if you go to a larger town or city, it’s likely the staff will speak English.

It probably comes as no surprise that internet connection speeds can vary across the country. Italy was one of the first European nations to adopt the internet, but it’s potentially not progressed past this early stage in some areas.

Towns and cities will offer reasonably good broadband while smaller towns and villages, particularly in rural areas, are still on dial-up and ADSL.

If good internet is essential, use Telecom Italia’s speed connection test. The company is the largest internet provider in the country.

Final thoughts on living in Italy

As you can see, living in Italy offers a lot of positives for anyone wanting a cultured yet relaxed retirement.

The only challenge, perhaps, is deciding where to live.

Unlike other countries where you can rent various places, Italy’s long-term rental leases mean this isn’t really an option. However, if you can find a way around this, you’ll surely find a place to call home.

You might find helpful:

  • How to voluntarily register with the SSN –
  • Information for British citizens moving to or living in Italy –
  • USA embassies and consulates in Italy –


  1. I’m from USA with Italian lineage and can prove ancestry. Is dual citizenship via bloodline a real thing and does this exclude me from the financial investment requirements? That is, I could just move there without being treated as an immigrant?

    • @Teri English,
      Hello Teri-
      Thank you for reading our article about Italy and contributing to our knowledge base.
      Great question, but there are actually several important elements to your question.
      First, yes, citizenship by descent – or the official name jure sanguinis – is a very real thing, and Italy has one of the best laws in Europe for it.
      However, it is not as straightforward as simply proving that you have an ancestor that emigrated from Italy to the United States.
      There are some very important points involved, which are a bit off-topic for Expatra. However, I have information about my personal journey and in general on my blog about this subject and you are welcome to read more about it there and leave a comment/question as well:
      Second, yes, there is no financial component to the JS process, per se, but it does depend upon which route you choose to use – a consulate in the US or going to Italy to complete the process both incur some expense.
      Plus, there are documents that need to be found, acquired, and apostilled. Also, you will need documents from Italy, which will most likely require an Italian-based service to assist you with.
      Finally, as it relates to your present question, yes & no.
      Italian citizenship by descent is citizenship. Once you complete the JS process, you will be a citizen just as if you were born and raised in Rome. With that said, there is a social perception in many parts of Italy that you are still an immigrant because you were not born and raised there.
      So, from an official standpoint, you will not be treated as an immigrant. From a social standpoint, it is possible that you will be.
      Thanks again Teri for being a valued member of the Expatra community and continuing to help us improve our knowledge base.
      Julian – Global Talon
      Explore, Experience, Engage

  2. I’ve heard from several sources that non Italian residents can only stay in country for 90 out of every 180 days so they have to keep leaving a d coming back to get a new visa stamp. Can anyone comment on this?

  3. Do you know any good internet sites to find apartments in Sicily? I’m looking into moving to Catania and I am having a hard time finding anything that’s not just an AirBnB or holiday rental..

    Thanks for your time! Your articles are very helpful and informative.


  4. Great article. My family is interested in moving to Sicily in a few years. Where can I connect with people to learn more?

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