Best Places To Live In France – 2023

France has it all, from the glamorous Mediterranean resorts to thriving modern cities and picture-perfect villages surrounded by beautiful countryside. Find your ideal location with our latest guide to the best places to live in France for expats.

Already many expats appreciate just how perfect life in France can be and the potential the country offers for high quality more affordable lifestyle.  If you are wondering where in France you should relocate to, here are the best places to live in France for expats.

France is a country of great contrasts, with a good deal of difference between the regions and the types of lifestyle you can expect if you’re planning to live in France.

The real secret to a successful move to France is in finding the best place to live for your needs.

Where are the best places to live in France?

The answer is of course ‘it depends’ – i.e., it depends on what you’re looking for and what you want and expect from your new life in France.

Young professionals, expats with families, retirees, – all will have different considerations when choosing the best place to live in France.

The departments of France

Unlike most other countries, France’s administrative divisions are referred to as departments. There are 97 departments in metropolitan France, there’s also another 5 departments in France’s overseas territories.

The map of French departments
Departments in France

The best places to live in France if you’re moving with children

France is a great country to raise children.

Based on where there are the best schools and educational facilities, the best shopping and employment prospects, the following departments are the top choice for families:

Haute-Garonne in the Midi Pyrenees

The department is in the Midi-Pyrenees region of southern France.

Haute-Garonne has a diverse landscape with pretty rolling hills to the north, vast forests and the Pyrenees to the south. Although it’s not one of the cheapest places to live in France, property prices are more competitive than in other regions and with effort, it is possible to find some very well-priced properties.

Beautiful landscapes of the Haute-Garonne department.
Beautiful landscapes of the Haute-Garonne department.

If you love the great outdoors, there are plenty of opportunities to enjoy exploring and taking in the magnificent scenery, from hiking in the summer to skiing in the Pyrenees in winter.

Where to live in Haute-Garonne:


A great place for young active families looking for an exciting and dynamic lifestyle with first-class educational facilities available for children. Toulouse is a hit with the French and has often been voted the most attractive place to live in France.

Toulouse is the 4th largest city in France, its nickname is La Ville Rose’ (the pink city) thanks to the colour of the roofs and bricks around the city.

Embraced by the Garonne River and the Canal du Midi, – Toulouse is energised and galvanised by the waterways – with no shortage of stunning walks and gorgeous scenery.

Toulouse has a sweet climate benefiting from warm Mediterranean summers and mild winters.

Best places to live in France: Toulouse
Toulouse is a very popular city for expats with children.

The city boasts some of the best schools in France – this includes both state schools and the International School of Toulouse, which has been established primarily for Airbus expat professionals’ children, and the company will sometimes offer tuition fees as a part of the employees’ benefits package.

The quality of education in local schools is very well regarded, and many expats (especially those who have settled in France for a long term) send their children to the local schools.

For those parents who wish their children to grow proficient in both languages, there is a wonderful organisation – English 31. It provides English classes integrated within the French school system from the first year of Primary (CP), until the end of Secondary (Terminale).

Is Toulouse a good place to live for a family? Definitely yes!

Toulouse is renowned for its higher education, with many universities, including one of the largest universities outside Paris. Toulouse is very much a city of education, research, students and scientists.

Saint Gaudens

If you’re seeking a quieter life in this beautiful region, Saint Gaudens could well be your perfect location.

A little street market in Saint Gaudens, people buying vegetables and fruit from the street vendors
Image courtesy of Saint Gaudens Tourism –

Saint Gaudens was originally the capital city of the Haute – Garonne area until Toulouse replaced it. A perfectly charming place to live with all the local amenities you require, including shops, doctors, schools and banks nearby.

If you fancy a day out in the city of Toulouse, Saint Gaudens is only an 80 km drive away.

Living in Saint Gaudens means you’ll be able to enjoy some amazing views across the valley of the Garonne and the Pyrenees.

If you’re a keen cyclist, you’re almost possibly already aware of the great cycling routes you can enjoy living in Saint Gaudens. The place has featured in some of the best Tour de France mountain races in history. It’s where one of the toughest stages in the races started – climbing through the Pyrenees.

The town offers expats a safe place to live in a relaxing environment, which is why it’s already very popular for both families and retired expats.

Pyrénées-Atlantiques in Aquitaine

An absolute scenic delight – with the Bay of Biscay to the west and the Pyrenees to the south. Living in Pyrenees-Atlantiques, you’ll enjoy warm summers and mild winters.

The view of Biarritz and its famous sand beaches - Miramar and La Grande Plage, Bay of Biscay.
Biarritz and its famous sand beaches – Miramar and La Grande Plage, Bay of Biscay.


Bordeaux is a beautiful port town of 239,000 people lying along the Gironde river.

Surrounded by some of France’s most famous wine country, located just 45 minutes to an hour from the Atlantic Ocean and miles of beautiful beaches, Bordeaux is well located for broader travel, only a 3-hour train ride to Paris, and 3 hours from the Pyrenees Mountains and the border of Spain.

Bordeaux used to be regarded as one of the most trendy cities in France. However, it had lost much of its glamour by the end of the 20th century and gained a reputation for being a bit boring.

A lot of work and effort has been made to turn that around, and with restoration and construction projects sprucing up the whole city, Bordeaux is rejuvenating its popularity.

Bordeaux enjoys beautiful walks and gardens, cafes and restaurants and, of course, as you’d expect, a grand wine museum that you would not want to miss.

Public transportation in Bordeaux is excellent, with a new tram system making it easy to get around the city without needing a car.

The Rue Ste-Catherine is the longest pedestrian street in Europe and offers fantastic shopping.

Bordeaux City, a lit up street at night along the river.
Evening views of Bordeaux City

Bordeaux has some of the best schools and education establishments in France: Bordeaux International School is the only bilingual school in the region. There are plenty of very good local primary and secondary schools.

For parents who may be looking to develop their own skills, there’s a wine school where you can learn everything about Bordeaux wines:  what’s more, theory lessons are always based on practical sampling.

Bordeaux’s primary areas of higher education include economics and management, law and political science, and engineering.


Pau isn’t quite as grand as Bordeaux, but nonetheless very beautiful and ideal for those who want a slower lifestyle without being in a more rural location.

Pau is the second city of Aquitaine, after Bordeaux. It was originally the capital of the old historical province of Béarn.

The view of the Pau Castle
Pau Castle

It is located in a beautiful setting – sitting on a 200-meter elevated position that looks over the valley of the mountain river Gave de Pau. The drive to the Atlantic Coast is about 100 km, and Pau is close enough to the Pyrenees for day trips.

Known as the “Green City” and the “Garden City,” Pau has one of the highest ratios of greenery per square meter per person of any European city.

As a university city with close to 12,000 university students living on and off-campus, Pau has a lively, energetic feel about it. With an excellent range of shops and stores, you’ll enjoy your shopping trips.

The city caters exceptionally well for kids and teenagers, especially those who love sports.  There’s also a full range of winter sports right on your doorstep. The town boasts an excellent sports complex where you can indulge in a huge range of sporting activities. This includes fencing and Greek wrestling if you fancy trying something a little different.

Each of these destinations scores very well for the most demanded criteria families typically want. If you’re considering relocating to France with children, we recommend you investigate both Bordeaux and Pau.

Best places to live in France if you’re planning to retire

Schools and employment prospects are far less important if you are heading towards retirement.

A walking path in the Sarthe countryside.
The Sarthe department with its lovely countryside is great for long, unhurried walks.

At the top of the retiring abroad criteria list, we have an excellent social scene, quality healthcare facilities, a friendly, vibrant location where residents are healthy and generally live long, happy lives.

The quality of the environment and the climate are ever more important factors for retirees, as is finding a location where crime is low and a good feeling of security and personal safety.


Once again, Bordeaux ranks very well and is topping the charts, this time as one of the best destinations in France to retire.

Many reasons that make Bordeaux one of the best places to live in France for families also make it highly attractive for retirees.  Great leisure facilities, excellent infrastructure, the wine and food culture, fantastic entertainment all year round, and stunning architecture are some of the reasons why so many expat retirees fall in love with Bordeaux.

Bordeaux is the perfect location for an active retirement. If you want the freedom to splash in the Atlantic in summer and go skiing in winter while being able to attend entertainment events all year round, you need to investigate Bordeaux. You won’t get bored.

Bordeaux offers retirees the possibility of a well-balanced lifestyle – unrushed and well-paced, with a young active student population bringing additional life and vibrancy to the city.


The Economist Intelligence Unit rated Lyon as the 16th best city to live in Europe and 30th globally. As for many of the French themselves – they passionately rank it firmly as their number one city.

The old city of Leon by night, lit up buildings and the river reflecting street lights.
Views of the old city of Lyon

Lyon is an inland city –  situated approximately 3 hours away from the coast, between two beautiful rivers, the Saône and Rhone.

Living in Lyon, you can expect to enjoy a long warm summer that runs from May until October, with much milder winters than you’ll normally experience living in the UK.

Lyon is a perfect location to retire if you’re a fan of the Alps. It is just an hour’s drive away and within very easy reach of both Italy and Switzerland for even further Alpen exploration and adventure.

If the pleasure of fine food served in some of the world’s best restaurants is your idea of retirement bliss, Lyon, as France’s culinary capital, will not disappoint you.  It boasts some 2,000 restaurants, 17 of which are Michelin-starred – you will never experience a lack of choice and variety when it comes to eating out in Lyon.

The city of Lyon is also wonderfully rich in cultural life, with dozens of theatres, performance venues and museums. Lyon is set to remain a firm favourite expat retirement and lifestyle destination.

The Languedoc-Roussillon Region

A stunning area with the irresistible Mediterranean coastline on your doorstep –  the Languedoc is charming and delightful. It has the same wonderful climate as the sought-after regions of Provence and Côte d’Azur – Languedoc’s select and trendy neighbours, but not nearly as crowded, possibly a little less glamorous and definitely much cheaper.

Languedoc Roussillon map featuring all the departments
The Languedoc Roussillon region is a favourite for expat retirees.

The most southern region of France, Languedoc is squeezed between the Midi-Pyrénées on the one side and Spain, Andorra and the Mediterranean Sea on the other side.

For hot weather lovers, the Languedoc climate is perfect, with sunshine-filled skies and summers that last much longer than you will ever be able to experience in the UK, even with Indian summers.

Languedoc generally has fairly mild winters. Summers can and often do get very hot, sometimes above 40C, with high levels of humidity creating conditions that result in some incredibly dramatic and powerful storms.

If you’re not a big fan of very hot weather conditions, the Languedoc may not be your ideal location.

It is, however, a fantastic climate for grapes. If you think Bordeaux is the king of wine-making – think again. The Languedoc-Roussillon Region’s vineyards are three times bigger than Bordeaux’s. One in ten bottles of the world’s wine was produced in this region during the 20th century.

Living in the Languedoc-Roussillon region of France, you’ll be able to enjoy a healthy Mediterranean diet – all fresh and local, fresh seafood, cheap and beautiful wine (be careful – it’s very easy to overdo) – it really is very easy to enjoy a very healthy Mediterranean lifestyle in this region of France.

If you don’t want to spend your days idling away on the beach, then you might want to look at more inland locations.

The area is rich in charming historic cities: Nimes, with its superb Roman remains, the famous walled city of Carcassonne, the former Roman provincial capital of Narbonne, and other smaller ancient cities, such as Agde.

A very well-connected region – Languedoc-Roussillon now boasts no less than eight international airports. Paris is just three hours away using the high-speed train, and Spain is just a couple of hours’ drive away.

You can easily drive for an overnight stay in Barcelona and Gerona.  It’s also a reasonably easy drive across to Italy for a long weekend, or you could take a boat to the island of Corsica as a weekend alternative exploration.

There are some amazing locations to choose from if you decide to live in this region. If you like a more urban lifestyle, head to Montpellier, Nimes or Perpignan. They are the main cities of the region.

The view of the fortress in Carcassonne
Magnificent medieval fortifications of Carcassonne in the Languedoc-Roussillon Region.

Montpellier is not as famous as Nice, but it’s on the French Riviera too. Living on the French Riviera comes with a price, so you might wonder how expensive it is to live in Montpellier. On the whole, it’s more expensive than rural areas but not as pricey as Nice.

You’ll find there are always plenty of things going on to keep you entertained in the Languedoc-Roussillon region. Just about every village, even the smallest ones, hosts at least one festival or village fete every year, with many hosting what seems to be hundreds.

The main festivals and celebrations include Bastille Day in Carcassonne and Narbonne, with fantastic fireworks and lively celebrations.

Carcassonne’s music festival features top-name bands and solo artists who perform at various venues around the city from June to August.  With genres of music to suit every musical taste, from opera to heavy rock, you’re bound to find something you’ll enjoy.

The Pentecost Feria of Nîmes – a big event that takes place every year around the feast of Pentecost. The Pentecost Feria lasts for a full five days, during which time there are bullfights, street parties, music, dancing, more dancing and a general atmosphere of complete craziness and celebration of life.

The Dance Festival of Montpellier – a beautiful show that runs for three weeks in June and July. The festival is a wonderful and fascinating celebration of traditional dance from all over the world.

The Winter Festival of Limoux – if you love festivals, choosing to live in Limoux may be the perfect decision. Limoux is truly the party town of the Aude region and doesn’t like to stop for a break. The winter festival of Limoux lasts from January to April, with all kinds of events taking place. There is always something new and exciting happening in this fabulous little town.

Where to live in France for the best weather

When it comes to the weather, if you’re retiring from northern Europe or the UK, you may be tempted to think hotter is better. The French tend to think it’s more important to look at climate as a whole when considering the best overall climate for the perfect lifestyle.

Nice Coastline France
The turquoise coastline of Nice

Hence, regions that are traditionally highly valued weather-wise in France for their milder climates rank better. Most notably, Brittany in Northern France, which juts out into the Atlantic, ranks very well.  

So it’s unsurprising that the Mediterranean regions rank highest as a favourite expat destination for the best weather, especially among those retiring from Northern European countries. 

South of the country is one of the best places to live in France for great weather. It offers stunning summer weather and the winters are far less harsh and much milder than in many other parts of Europe.

However, there is an important factor to bear in mind when you choose your destination based on the weather – French winds. They really do have a big influence on the local weather and can potentially spoil the fun.

For example, if you choose to live in a beautiful and mild Provence, be prepared for unbearably cold winters due to Le Mistral – a dry wind that blows down the Rhone valley to central Provence for weeks on end, making winters surprisingly cold.

There are, however, certain advantages of Le Mistral. It creates an unusually sunny climate (2700 to 2900 hours of sunshine a year).

While many parts of France are immersed in clouds and storms, Provence is rarely affected for long. The mistral wind quickly clears the sky. In less than two hours, the sky can change from completely overcast to clear blue.

However, if you would prefer some protection from harsh winds and a more sheltered climate, especially if you’re partial to some glitz, and love the idea of living the high life, then the east of the Riviera is ready and waiting to welcome you.

The microclimate on the eastern side of the Riviera is perfect – in the extreme southeast of France, the area around Cannes, Nice and Monaco is well protected from the mistral winds by the mass of the Alps.

The climate on this narrow coastal plain is pure Mediterranean, with very mild winters and warm glorious summers.

If the glamorous lifestyle of the eastern Riviera isn’t quite what you had in mind, there are some very good alternatives with more affordable properties.

If you’re not the type to let a few windy days spoil your fun, two places in the French Mediterranean are well worth investigating: Var and Bouches-du-Rhône, located in the Provence Alpes, Cote D’Azur region.


France’s Bouches-du-Rhone department, named after the river Rhone, bathes in the gorgeous Mediterranean climate of Southern France. A lifestyle beckons with sunshine-filled days, outdoor activities and extremely delicious food.

Bouches-du-Rhone is the busiest department in the south of France; the major cities are Marseille and Aix-en-Provence, where you can enjoy the bustle of busy city life with excellent shops and restaurants and the vibrancy of a cosmopolitan city.

Bouches-du-Rhône, the view of the harbour at night
Bouches-du-Rhône – Province

Away from the cities, you will be able to enjoy beautiful beach resorts and unspoilt areas like the Camargue, where you can watch flamingos living in the wild.

It is a true cyclist’s paradise with world-class cycle routes where you can enjoy the famous e-bike tours of Marseille. If you’re not a big fan of steep hills, you’ll be pleased that much of Bouches-du-Rhône is relatively flat; cycling can be pleasurable for everyone.

There are also plenty of historical sites, including the ruins of the Roman city of Glanum, the medieval village of Les Baux de Provence and Alphonse Daudet’s windmill at Fontvieille.


Var is a beautiful little secret of Provence, which hides many gems of this stunning French department coastline and inland alike.

The view of the village of Aiguines, the river and vineyards in the Var department, Provence.
The village of Aiguines in the Var department, Provence.

It includes some of the most attractive resorts of the western Cote d’Azur, the Massif des Maures – a series of low mountains behind the coast of Var where villages cling to the hillside overlooking the sea; and, of course, the superb Cotes de Provence wine region which runs east to west across the department.

If you’re a devoted gardener, you’ll love this region of France, especially if you’re drawn to exotic plants – the climate is perfect for less ordinary gardens. The area has always been used as a nursery to grow all kinds of flora and then supply the whole country, so you won’t have to go far to source those exotic blooms.


Hyères is the oldest resort on the French Riviera and is also famous for cultivating palm trees. An incredibly beautiful location to choose to live in. Just 4 km from the coast it’s close enough for a quick drive to the beach.  Yet, Hyères is inland enough to deliver a quieter, more relaxed lifestyle.

With 300 days of sunshine a year, Hyères rivals Amsterdam as the Continent’s biggest supplier of cut flowers.

The city is filled with magnificent mansions and villas contrasted by narrow medieval streets and passageways running up the hill towards the citadel.

At the foot of the hill are salt marshes with flamingos, a fishing port, a world championship kite-surfing beach and the three islands just a short distance off the coast that together form the Port Cros National Park.

The view of the Port Cros beach on the French Riviera Port Cros
Port Cros on the French Riviera

Hyères delivers an ideal blend of city sophistication and a calmer and gentler lifestyle.

The city is well-connected: the railway station Gare d’Hyères offers connections with Toulon, Marseille, Paris, and several regional destinations.

The airport, known officially as the Toulon-Hyères International Airport, is 4 km (2.5 mi) to the southeast of the town centre.

The best places to live in France – summary

There are more wonderful locations in France than mentioned in our guide. If you are looking for a historic charm that won’t break the bank, consider moving to Normandy. There’s Alsace for those who love the spirit of continental Europe; there’s Brittany for country living. Or you can consider living in Paris if that’s what you want.

Rating and surveys are a brilliant way to start researching the best places to live in France. However, the only way to really find your own perfect location is to experience it yourself. 

So, if you’re looking for somewhere to live in France and your intentions are serious – visit the chosen location, connect to local expats, go on forums and make sure you know the place well and feel it’s perfect for you before you commit to buying any property.

We wish you luck and success in building your new life in France.

You might find useful:

  • A list of main wine-growing regions of France
  • Curious to know which cities and towns in France attract the most retirees? Read this review by Le Figaro.
  • To discover the up-to-date cost of living data in various French cities, check Numbeo.


  1. I am obver 70 lived in uk first 40 5 in cuprus and the rest in Arizona usa. All family in UK but want to move nearer of course weather a consideration so Languedoc is i. Ky mind. Do you know any internet sites or blogs would help me to start. My french is what a sixteen year old learnt i. uK. I loved reading your blog

    • Hi Barbara, you have chosen a beautiful place.
      We have a detailed guide on Toulouse – the largest city in Languedoc-Roussillon-Midi-Pyrénées and a very popular place for expats:

      Otherwise, there isn’t that much information on moving to Languedoc online, you might want to consider joining relevant FB groups such as English speakers in Languedoc-Roussillon, France, or The Languedoc Page. This way you will get access to people who live there and can answer all your questions.
      Hope this helps, good luck with your relocation.

  2. Would love a section in this informational guide to those of us who would like to live car free and what areas lend well to public trans and plain old walking! Any suggestions?
    We dream of edge of village and walking into town for the local marketplace but a town large enough to meet our expat and visa needs.
    thanks! Love this site

    • Hello Kat, thank you so much for your compliment on Expatra, it is a lovely website.
      First of all, car free could be a slight problem in France, but that depends on what you mean with your expat and visa needs…could you explain?
      Because of course there are lovely villages that are not too big and have all the first needs like a supermarket, bakery, pharmacist, doctor, etc. but if you are looking for more than that and you don’t want to use a car and only public transport you might have to go to a bigger city. But of course, there are always exceptions, I myself for example live in Saint Gengoux le National in Burgundy, in the department Saône et Loire. You can read all about it here:
      It has all the facilities I mentioned above, the charm of a medieval village, and also public transport (a bus) that can bring you to other villages or bigger cities like Tournus or Chalon sur Saône. If you would like to know more or if you have any other questions, don’t hesitate to contact me through my profile
      Best, Marit
      MP Bourgogne

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *